The correct answer is (a) The alveolar ( aka intrapulmonary) pressure must be lower than the atmospheric pressure.
- 1 Which of the following conditions is necessary for air to enter the lungs during inspiration quizlet?
- 2 Which of the following condition is required for inspiration?
- 3 What causes air to enter and leave the lungs?
- 4 What causes the expansion of lungs during inspiration?
- 5 Why does air enter the lungs during inhalation quizlet?
- 6 How does the contraction of the diaphragm move air into the lungs quizlet?
- 7 What gradient does air follow into and out of the lungs?
- 8 Which one of the following is true during inspiration?
- 9 How does air enter the lungs?
- 10 How do lungs separate oxygen from air?
- 11 What is the pathway of air into the lungs?
- 12 What creates the movement that helps inspiration and expiration of air during pulmonary ventilation?
- 13 What happens during inspiration?
- 14 What happens to the lungs as it fills up with air?
Which of the following conditions is necessary for air to enter the lungs during inspiration quizlet?
Which of the following conditions is necessary for air to enter the lungs during inspiration? The alveolar pressure must be lower than the atmospheric pressure.
Which of the following condition is required for inspiration?
Inspiration can occur if the pressure within the lungs (intra-pulmonary pressure) is less than the atmospheric pressure, i.e., there is a negative pressure in the lungs with respect to atmospheric pressure. Similarly, expiration takes place when the intra-pulmonary pressure is higher than the atmospheric pressure.
What causes air to enter and leave the lungs?
When you breathe in, the diaphragm moves downward toward the abdomen, and the rib muscles pull the ribs upward and outward. This makes the chest cavity bigger and pulls air through the nose or mouth into the lungs.
What causes the expansion of lungs during inspiration?
During the process of inhalation, the lung volume expands as a result of the contraction of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles (the muscles that are connected to the rib cage), thus expanding the thoracic cavity. Due to this increase in volume, the pressure is decreased, based on the principles of Boyle’s Law.
Why does air enter the lungs during inhalation quizlet?
Gases, like other substances, move from higher to lower concentration or from high pressure to low pressure. 1. When the muscle contracts, the diaphragm flattens and the ribcage lifts, increasing the chest volume, decreasing the pleural pressure. The result is air moving into the lungs during inspiration.
How does the contraction of the diaphragm move air into the lungs quizlet?
Contraction of the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles leads to increased volume in the thoracic cavity and the lungs. The increase in volume leads to an increase in intrapulmonary pressure causing air to move into the lungs.
What gradient does air follow into and out of the lungs?
Respiratory muscles and their role in respiration When we breathe in, air flows into the lungs down what is known as a ‘pressure gradient’ from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. The pressure gradient within the lungs is controlled by a muscle called the diaphragm.
Which one of the following is true during inspiration?
1. Inspiration occurs only when there is negative pressure in the lungs with respect to the atmosphere. 2. Contraction of the diaphragm reduces pulmonary volume and increases intrapulmonary pressure causing expiration.
How does air enter the lungs?
Breathing in They contract to pull your rib cage both upward and outward when you inhale. As your lungs expand, air is sucked in through your nose or mouth. The air travels down your windpipe and into your lungs. After passing through your bronchial tubes, the air travels to the alveoli, or air sacs.
How do lungs separate oxygen from air?
The bronchial tubes divide into smaller air passages called bronchi, and then into bronchioles. The bronchioles end in tiny air sacs called alveoli, where oxygen is transferred from the inhaled air to the blood. After absorbing oxygen, the blood leaves the lungs and is carried to the heart.
What is the pathway of air into the lungs?
Respiratory System: Pathway of air: nasal cavities (or oral cavity) > pharynx > trachea > primary bronchi (right & left) > secondary bronchi > tertiary bronchi > bronchioles > alveoli (site of gas exchange)
What creates the movement that helps inspiration and expiration of air during pulmonary ventilation?
Contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm and intercostals muscles (found between the ribs) cause most of the pressure changes that result in inspiration and expiration. These muscle movements and subsequent pressure changes cause air to either rush in or be forced out of the lungs.
What happens during inspiration?
The first phase is called inspiration, or inhaling. When the lungs inhale, the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward. At the same time, the muscles between the ribs contract and pull upward. This increases the size of the thoracic cavity and decreases the pressure inside.
What happens to the lungs as it fills up with air?
As these millions of alveoli fill up with air, the lungs get bigger. It’s the alveoli that allow oxygen from the air to pass into your blood. All the cells in the body need oxygen every minute of the day. Oxygen passes through the walls of each alveolus into the tiny capillaries that surround it.