Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty, the temple design follows Javanese Buddhist architecture, which blends the Indonesian indigenous tradition of ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana.
- 1 Why was the Borobudur temple built?
- 2 What is the main purpose of a Buddhist temple?
- 3 What is special about Borobudur Temple?
- 4 Why were Buddhist temples built?
- 5 Why is the Borobudur temple important to Buddhism?
- 6 How does the Borobudur reflect the Buddhist religion?
- 7 What is the goal of a Buddhist?
- 8 What are the key features of a Buddhist temple?
- 9 What are the key beliefs of Buddhism?
- 10 What does Borobudur reflect about the civilization in which it was built?
- 11 What do the levels of the Borobudur temple symbolize?
- 12 What are some of the possible meanings of Borobudur?
- 13 How has Buddhism influenced architecture?
- 14 What are Buddhist temples made of?
- 15 How are Buddhist temples decorated?
Why was the Borobudur temple built?
The Borobudur Temple was built in the 8th and 9th centuries by Java’s Shailendra Dynasty, when it became a major Buddhist pilgrimage site. The temple is built in three tiers, each individually representing a sphere of the cosmic path to nirvana, while collectively representing the physical journey to achieve it.
What is the main purpose of a Buddhist temple?
Temples are centres for study and worship for the whole community. Worship in the temple includes chanting the Three Refuges and Precepts and the scriptures, giving offerings in front of an image of the Buddha, lighting candles, burning incense, meditating and listening to sermons.
What is special about Borobudur Temple?
Borobudur is a magnificent Buddhist temple located near Magelang in Java, Indonesia. Borobudur is a Buddhist stupa in the Mahayana tradition and it is the largest Buddhist monument in the world. The temple is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues.
Why were Buddhist temples built?
They include the structures called vihara, chaitya, stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. Temples in Buddhism represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha. Traditional Buddhist temples are designed to inspire inner and outer peace.
Why is the Borobudur temple important to Buddhism?
The world’s largest Buddhist monument draws pilgrims from around Southeast Asia to a remote hilltop in central Java. Reason: Borobudur is the world’s largest Buddhist monument and a priceless ancient center for pilgrimage and education in Mahayana Buddhism.
How does the Borobudur reflect the Buddhist religion?
Borobudur’s vertical organization reflects Buddhist cosmology, according to which the universe is divided into three superimposing spheres: kamadhatu (desire), rupadhatu (forms) and arupadhatu (formlessness).
What is the goal of a Buddhist?
The ultimate goal of the Buddhist path is release from the round of phenomenal existence with its inherent suffering. To achieve this goal is to attain nirvana, an enlightened state in which the fires of greed, hatred, and ignorance have been quenched.
What are the key features of a Buddhist temple?
All Buddhist temples contain an image or statue of Buddha. From here, the head monk may give a talk to the worshippers. A temple may have a silent area for meditation. This is the Buddhist symbol.
What are the key beliefs of Buddhism?
The basic doctrines of early Buddhism, which remain common to all Buddhism, include the four noble truths: existence is suffering (dukhka); suffering has a cause, namely craving and attachment (trishna); there is a cessation of suffering, which is nirvana; and there is a path to the cessation of suffering, the
What does Borobudur reflect about the civilization in which it was built?
What does Borobudur reﬂect about the civilization in which it was built? The Borobudur shows the process of Buddhism, the scenery and features show that it was set in Java. List the goods East Africa contributed to the Indian Ocean routes. They both still traded goods form one country to the next.
What do the levels of the Borobudur temple symbolize?
Each of the monument’s three main levels represents a stage on the way to the bodhisattva ideal of enlightenment; symbolizing this spiritual journey, a pilgrim begins at the eastern stairway and walks clockwise around each of the monument’s nine levels before reaching the top, a distance of more than 3 miles (5 km).
What are some of the possible meanings of Borobudur?
Borobudur, or Barabudur, is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. It also depicts the gupta style from India and shows influence of Buddhism as well as Hinduism. The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage.
How has Buddhism influenced architecture?
The Buddhist Architecture received recognition with development of places of worship which were more ornate and built forms as large domes with cardinal entrance points. Basically three important types of structures were built and used by followers of Buddhism namely Stupa, Chaitya halls and Viharas.
What are Buddhist temples made of?
pagoda, a towerlike, multistory, solid or hollow structure made of stone, brick, or wood, usually associated with a Buddhist temple complex and therefore usually found in East and Southeast Asia, where Buddhism was long the prevailing religion.
How are Buddhist temples decorated?
Paintings inside temples depicting Buddhist imagery are common, the lotus flower being a recurring Buddhist symbol of rebirth. Intricate mandalas are unique Buddhist temple features. A mandala is a symmetrical, circular design of incredible detail and color, usually painted or composed of richly colored sand.