The Respiratory System Two major muscle groups promote inhalation. One, the diaphragm, lies at the base of the rib cage. Another, the external intercostals, lifts and expands the rib cage.
- 1 What muscle raises ribs during inspiration?
- 2 What muscles are used during inspiration?
- 3 How does the rib cage move during inspiration?
- 4 Which muscles are used for inspiration quizlet?
- 5 What happens during inspiration?
- 6 What is the rib cage?
- 7 Which muscles are involved in forceful inspiration and shoulder girdle movements?
- 8 What are accessory muscles of inspiration?
- 9 How contraction of the diaphragm produces inspiration?
- 10 Which of the following muscles is synergistic with the diaphragm during inspiration?
- 11 How does the diaphragm and intercostal muscles cause inspiration?
- 12 What is the movement of ribs during exhalation?
- 13 What happens to intercostal muscles during inspiration?
What muscle raises ribs during inspiration?
The rib cage is the structure from which musculature acts in order to accomplish respiration. Inhalation is accomplished when the diaphragm contracts and flattens, moving the floor of the thorax inferiorly, and the intercostal muscles lift the rib cage up and outward.
What muscles are used during inspiration?
Primary Muscles The primary inspiratory muscles are the diaphragm and external intercostals.
How does the rib cage move during inspiration?
During inspiration the ribs are elevated, and during expiration the ribs are depressed. Although each rib has its own ROM (occurring primarily at the costovertebral joint), rib cage shifts occur with movement of the vertebral column. During column extension, the rib cage migrates anteriorly, and the ribs are elevated.
Which muscles are used for inspiration quizlet?
Terms in this set (23)
- Diaphragm. -Primary muscle of inspiration which separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
- Attachments of the Diaphragm.
- Innervations of diaphragm.
- Contraction of diaphragm.
- Accessory muscles of inspiration.
- Accessory muscles of expiration.
- External intercostals.
- Levatus costarum brevis.
What happens during inspiration?
The first phase is called inspiration, or inhaling. When the lungs inhale, the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward. At the same time, the muscles between the ribs contract and pull upward. This increases the size of the thoracic cavity and decreases the pressure inside.
What is the rib cage?
The rib cage consists of 24 ribs (2 sets of 12), which are attached to a long, flat bone in the centre of the chest called the sternum. The rib cage help protects the organs in the chest, such as the heart and lungs, from damage.
Which muscles are involved in forceful inspiration and shoulder girdle movements?
The pectoralis minor muscle is a small triangular shaped muscle that lies deep to pectoralis major muscle and passes as three muscular slips from the thoracic wall (ribs III to V) to the coracoid process of the scapula. Pectoralis minor draws the scapula forward and downward, and raises the ribs in forced inspiration.
What are accessory muscles of inspiration?
These accessory muscles of inspiration include the sternocleidomastoid, pectoralis minor and major, serratus anterior, latissimus dorsi, and serratus posterior superior muscles. Expiration, in contrast, is a passive process produced by elastic recoil of the thoracic cage.
How contraction of the diaphragm produces inspiration?
Inspiration (inhalation) is the process of taking air into the lungs. It is the active phase of ventilation because it is the result of muscle contraction. During inspiration, the diaphragm contracts and the thoracic cavity increases in volume. This decreases the intraalveolar pressure so that air flows into the lungs.
Which of the following muscles is synergistic with the diaphragm during inspiration?
The external intercostals and the parasternal part of internal intercostals have inspiratory actions, and the interosseus part of the internal intercostal has expiratory action [14, 17]. The external intercostals have a synergistic action with diaphragm during inspiration .
How does the diaphragm and intercostal muscles cause inspiration?
Inspiration (breathing in) The diaphragm contracts and moves downwards. The intercostal muscles contract and move the ribs upwards and outwards. This increases the size of the chest and decreases the air pressure inside it which sucks air into the lungs.
What is the movement of ribs during exhalation?
Answer: During exhalation the ribs move downwards and inwards.
What happens to intercostal muscles during inspiration?
During inspiration, the diaphragm and the external intercostal muscles contract causing an increase in the thoracic cavity volume. The contraction of the diaphragm accounts for approximately 75% of the air movement during normal breathing.