Inspiration is the phase of ventilation in which air enters the lungs. It is initiated by contraction of the inspiratory muscles: Diaphragm – flattens, extending the superior/inferior dimension of the thoracic cavity.
- 1 Which of the following generates the breathing rhythm and initiates inspiration quizlet?
- 2 Which of the following mechanisms is responsible for inspiration?
- 3 Which of the following generates the breathing rhythm and initiates inspiration?
- 4 What occurs first during inspiration?
- 5 Which of the following is part of inspiration?
- 6 Which of the following structures facilitates a smooth transition between inspiration and expiration by sending nerve signals to the medullary respiratory center?
- 7 Which of the following sequence is correct to initiate inspiration?
- 8 What are the steps of inspiration?
- 9 Which event does occur during inspiration?
- 10 Which portion of the brain triggers inspiration?
- 11 Which center stimulates inspiration by increasing the activity of the dorsal respiratory group?
- 12 Which muscles are actively involved in inspiration?
- 13 Why is inspiration an active process?
- 14 How does inspiration and expiration occur?
Which of the following generates the breathing rhythm and initiates inspiration quizlet?
air moves up the trachea. oxygen molecules move into the lungs, and carbon dioxide molecules move out of the lungs. the diaphragm relaxes. the diaphragm and rib muscles contract.
Which of the following mechanisms is responsible for inspiration?
During inspiration, the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract, causing the rib cage to expand and move outward, and expanding the thoracic cavity and lung volume. This creates a lower pressure within the lung than that of the atmosphere, causing air to be drawn into the lungs.
Which of the following generates the breathing rhythm and initiates inspiration?
The medulla oblongata contains the dorsal respiratory group (DRG) and the ventral respiratory group (VRG). The DRG is involved in maintaining a constant breathing rhythm by stimulating the diaphragm and intercostal muscles to contract, resulting in inspiration.
What occurs first during inspiration?
The first phase is called inspiration, or inhaling. When the lungs inhale, the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward. At the same time, the muscles between the ribs contract and pull upward. This increases the size of the thoracic cavity and decreases the pressure inside.
Which of the following is part of inspiration?
Inspiration (inhalation) is the process of taking air into the lungs. It is the active phase of ventilation because it is the result of muscle contraction. During inspiration, the diaphragm contracts and the thoracic cavity increases in volume. This decreases the intraalveolar pressure so that air flows into the lungs.
Which of the following structures facilitates a smooth transition between inspiration and expiration by sending nerve signals to the medullary respiratory center?
The pontine grouping allows for modulation of the intensity and frequency of medullary signals to control breathing patterns while promoting a smooth transition between inspiration and expiration [21, 23].
Which of the following sequence is correct to initiate inspiration?
(i) The contraction of external intercostal muscles raises the ribs and sternum. (ii) Volume of thorax increases in the dorso-ventral axis. (iii) Intrapulmonary pressure decreases. (iv) Diaphragm contraction.
What are the steps of inspiration?
Terms in this set (10)
- inspiration 1. inspiratory muscles contract.
- inspiration 2. thoracic cavity volume increases.
- inspiration 3. lungs are stretched.
- inspiration 4. intrapulmonary pressure drops.
- inspiration 5. air flows into lungs down pressure gradient until pulmonary pressure is 0.
- expiration 1.
- expiration 2.
- expiration 3.
Which event does occur during inspiration?
Contraction of diaphragm takes place and it moves down. This downward movement of the diaphragm causes less intrapulmonary pressure than the atmosphere. Simultaneously, the external intercostal muscles also contract and cause the ribcage to be able to move outward.
Which portion of the brain triggers inspiration?
The pons is the other respiratory center and is located underneath the medulla. Its main function is to control the rate or speed of involuntary respiration. It has two main functional regions that perform this role: The apneustic center sends signals for inspiration for long and deep breaths.
Which center stimulates inspiration by increasing the activity of the dorsal respiratory group?
The intrinsic brainstem function of the dorsal and ventral respiratory centers of the medulla controls inspiration and expiration, respectively. The apneustic center in the pons increases the depth and duration of inspiration, whereas the pneumotaxic center decreases depth and duration.
Which muscles are actively involved in inspiration?
The most important muscle of inspiration is the diaphragm; however, the external intercostals assist with normal quiet breathing. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the space in the thoracic cavity and the lungs fill with air from the external environment.
Why is inspiration an active process?
Inspiration is an active process whereas expiration is a passive process. Inspiration occurs when the muscles of the diaphragm contract to increase the overall volume of the thoracic cavity. As the muscles use energy for contraction, inspiration is called active process.
How does inspiration and expiration occur?
When the air pressure within the alveolar spaces falls below atmospheric pressure, air enters the lungs (inspiration), provided the larynx is open; when the air pressure within the alveoli exceeds atmospheric pressure, air is blown from the lungs (expiration).